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详解数控等离子切割机维护保养与安全操作

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  • 所在地:湖北武汉市
  • 发布日期:2020-01-16 16:45
  • 信息有效期: 长期有效
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数控等离子切割机是现今较小工件切割的主力切割设备,同时还可以切割火焰切割机不能切割的有色金属等质地较软的材料,但是其工作环境并不是很好,所以想要保证其可以长久的使用和保证切割精度,就需要做到安全操作和正确维护,这里小编总结了数控等离子切割机维护保养与安全操作的注意事项,以供大家进行参考。 CNC plasma cutting machine is the main current small workpiece cutting cutting equipment, at the same time can also be cutting flame cutting machine can't cutting non-ferrous metals such as soft texture of the material, but its working environment is not very good, so want to make sure it can be use for a long time and ensure accuracy of cutting, will need to be safe operation and proper maintenance, botha here small make up summed up the CNC plasma cutting machine maintenance and safety precautions, for everybody reference.    

 


  一、数控等离子切割机维护保养 1, CNC plasma cutting machine maintenance

          
  1、正确、仔细地安装割炬,确保所有零件配合良好,确保气体及冷却气流通。安装将所有的部件放在干净的绒布上,避免脏物粘到部件上。 1. Install the cutting torch correctly and carefully to ensure that all parts cooperate well and that the gas and cooling gas flow. Install all parts on clean lint to prevent dirt from sticking to parts.        
  2、消耗件不要用完全损坏后再更换,因为严重磨损的电极、喷咀和涡流环将产生不可控制的等离子弧,极易造成割炬的严重损坏。所以当次发现切割质量下降时,就应该及时检查消耗件。 2. Do not replace the consumable parts after they are completely damaged, because the severely worn electrode, nozzle and eddy current ring will produce uncontrollable plasma arc, which will easily cause serious damage to the cutting torch. Therefore, when the cutting quality is found to decline, it should be timely check the consumables.        
  3、在更换消耗件或日常维修检查时,一定要保证割炬内、外螺纹清洁,如有必要,应清洗或修复连接螺纹。 3, in the replacement of consumables or daily maintenance inspection, must ensure that the cutting torch, external threads clean, if necessary, should clean or repair the connection threads.        
  4、在很多割炬中,喷咀和电极的接触面是带电的接触面,如果这些接触面有脏物,割炬则不能正常工作。 4. In many cutting torches, the contact surface of the nozzle and electrode is a charged contact surface. If there is dirt in these contact surfaces, the cutting torch cannot work properly.        
  5、每天检查气体和冷却气流的流动和压力,如果发现流动不充分或有泄漏,应立即停机排除故障。 5. Check the flow and pressure of gas and cooling air every day. If insufficient flow or leakage is found, stop the machine immediately to troubleshoot.        
  6、为了避免割炬碰撞损坏,应该正确地编程避免系统超限行走,安装防撞装置能有效地避免碰撞时割炬的损坏。 6. In order to avoid the collision damage of cutting torch, it should be correctly programmed to avoid the over-limit walking of the system, and the installation of anti-collision device can effectively avoid the damage of cutting torch during the collision.        
  7、常见的割炬损坏原因: 7. Common causes of cutting torch damage:        
  (1)割炬碰撞; (1) cutting torch collision;        
  (2)由于消耗件损坏造成破坏性的等离子弧; (2) destructive plasma arc caused by the damage of consumables;        
  (3)脏物引起的破坏性等离子弧; (3) destructive plasma arc caused by dirt;        
  (4)松动的零部件引起的破坏性等离子弧。 (4) destructive plasma arc caused by loose parts.        
  8、注意事项: 8. Precautions:        
  (1)不要在割炬上涂油脂; (1) do not grease the cutting torch;        
  (2)不要过度使用O形环的润滑剂; (2) do not overuse the o-ring lubricant;        
  (3)在保护套还留在割炬上时不要喷防溅化学剂; (3) do not spray chemicals while the protective cover is still on the cutting torch;        
  (4)不要拿手动割炬当榔头使用。 (4) do not use manual cutting torch as a hammer.        

  二、数控等离子切割机安全操作 Ii. Safe operation of CNC plasma cutting machine

          
  除了日常的维护保养外,想要减小
数控等离子切割机的磨损和意外损坏,就需要工作人员做到正确的安全操作,这不仅是对设备负责,也是对工作人员自己的人身安全负责,具体方式如下: In addition to daily maintenance, in order to reduce the wear and accidental damage of CNC plasma cutting machine, it requires the staff to do the correct safe operation, which is not only responsible for the equipment, but also for the personal safety of the staff, the specific way is as follows:        
  1、操作人员必须戴好防护面罩、电焊手套、帽子、滤膜防尘口罩和隔音耳罩。不戴防护镜的人员严禁直接观察等离子弧,裸露的皮肤严禁接近等离子弧。 1. Operators must wear protective masks, welding gloves, hats, filter membrane dust mask and acoustic earmuff. Direct observation of plasma arc is strictly prohibited for personnel without protective goggles, and access to plasma arc is strictly prohibited for bare skin.       
  2、切割时,操作人员应站在上风处操作。可从工作台下部抽风,并宜缩小操作台上的敞开面积。 2. When cutting, the operator should stand in the windward. Can be drawn from the lower part of the table, and appropriate to reduce the open area of the operating table.        
  3、切割时,当空载电压过高时,应检查电器接地、接零和割炬手把绝缘情况,应将工作台与地面绝缘,或在电气控制系统安装空载断路断电器。 3, when cutting, when the no-load voltage is too high, should check the electrical grounding, zero connection and torch cutting handle insulation, should be the work table insulation with the ground, or installed in the electrical control system no-load circuit breaker.        
  4、高频发生器应设有屏蔽护罩,用高频引弧后,应立即切断高频电路。 4. The high frequency generator shall be equipped with a shielding shield. After starting the arc with high frequency, the high frequency circuit shall be cut off immediately.        
  5、使用钍、钨电极应符合相关文件的安全操作规定。 5. Thorium and tungsten electrodes shall be used in accordance with the safety operation provisions of relevant documents.        
  6、切割操作及配合人员必须按规定穿戴劳动防护用品。并必须采取防止触电、高空坠落、瓦斯中毒和火灾等事故的安全措施。 6. The cutting operation and coordination personnel must wear labor protection equipment as required. Safety measures must be taken to prevent electric shock, high fall, gas poisoning, fire and other accidents.        
  7、现场使用的电焊机,应设有防雨、防潮、防晒的机棚,并应装设相应的消防器材。 7, on-site use of the welding machine, should be equipped with rain, moisture-proof, sunscreen shed, and should be equipped with the corresponding fire equipment.        
  8、高空焊接或切割时,必须系好安全带,焊接切割周围和下方应采取防火措施,并应有专人监护。 8. When welding or cutting at high altitude, safety belt must be fastened. Fire prevention measures should be taken around and below welding and cutting, and there should be a special person to supervise.        


  作为一种较为精密的工件切割设备,除了定期的检查外,日常的数控等离子切割机维护保养工作也是十分重要的,而且也要保证操作人员的安全操作,从而保护操作人员的同时做到保护设备。 As a more precise workpiece cutting equipment, in addition to regular inspection, daily maintenance of CNC plasma cutting machine is also very important, but also to ensure the safe operation of the operators, so as to protect the operators at the same time to protect the equipment.       

  

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