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如何操作才能保证数控火焰切割的光洁度

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  • 所在地:湖北武汉市
  • 发布日期:2020-01-16 16:43
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数控火焰切割机作为较大、较厚工件常用的切割设备,在计算机控制下工件的精度和断面光洁度都是能后保证的,但是很多情况下回出现数控火焰切割的光洁度不足的问题,除了设备故障因其这种情况外,还和工作人员的具体操作有关。 Numerical control flame cutting machine as larger, thicker artifacts commonly used cutting equipment, the precision of the workpiece under computer control and cross section finish are can guarantee, after but many things next time appear the problem of insufficient of nc flame cutting finish, in addition to equipment failure because of the this kind of situation, and also is related to the specific operation staff.        


  一、工件光洁度差的原因 One, the cause of the poor finish of the workpiece

          
  1、设备零部件结合处缝隙过大,如点击与齿轮处有间隙、割炬夹持器固定不牢靠、割炬升降调高装置紊乱、横向挂板行走轴承不同心或损坏; 1. Excessive gap at the junction of equipment parts, such as gap between click and gear, unstable fixation of cutting torch gripper, disordered lifting and elevating device of cutting torch, different center of transverse hanging plate walking bearing or damage;        
          
  2、操作人员对设备火焰调节不正确,火焰割嘴保养不正常,或者风线不正常等。 2. Incorrect flame adjustment by operators, abnormal maintenance of flame cutting nozzle, or abnormal wind line, etc.        
          
  对于设备的故障我们可以请专业人员进行维修和调整,来保证工件的光洁度,但是由于工作人员的操作出现的工件光洁度不足,就需要工作人员对
数控火焰切割机进行正确合理操作。 For the fault of the equipment we can ask professional personnel to repair and adjust, to ensure the workpiece finish, but due to the staff operation of the workpiece finish is not enough, we need the staff to CNC flame cutting machine for the correct and reasonable operation.        
          

  二、数控火焰切割机操作规程 Ii. Operation rules of nc flame cutting machine

          
  1、设置钢板厚度,调整切割速度,确认使用的割炬,检查机器状态是否正常。以上情况都会造成割炬在移动过程中的抖动,导致切割面齿状波纹的产生。 1. Set the thickness of the steel plate, adjust the cutting speed, confirm the cutting torch and check whether the machine is in normal condition. The above situation will cause the jitter of the cutting torch in the process of moving, resulting in the generation of dentate ripples on the cutting surface.        
          
  2、假如工作台上的钢板与机器导轨不平行,可以使用钢板校正功能,对钢板进行校正或采用人工撬正钢板。割炬相对钢板的垂直度也会影响切割效果。这也就是我们一直要求客户按照尺度制作切割割台的原因。假如预热氧时间设置太长,可以使用间断加热氧强行间断对钢板的加热过程。 2. If the steel plate on the work table is not parallel to the machine guide rail, the steel plate correction function can be used to correct the steel plate or manually pry the steel plate. The perpendicularity of the cutting torch relative to the steel plate will also affect the cutting effect. This is why we always ask customers to make cutting table according to the scale. If preheating oxygen time set too long, can use intermittent heating oxygen to force the intermittent heating process of the steel plate.        


  3、调整割炬的割咀与钢板的间隔,打开燃气、调好加热火焰、切割锋线。数控火焰切割机光机初学者在前期的操纵过程中,常常会发现工件的切切断面不理想、光洁度不好,由此造成的精度不达标甚至工件报废等等情况让人非常苦恼。机械故障造成的光洁度不理想的主要特征就是:断面泛起规律性的波纹。如:割缝补偿、切割速度等。 3. Adjust the interval between the cutting nozzle and the steel plate of the cutting torch, turn on the gas, adjust the heating flame and cut the cutting edge. Numerical control flame cutting machine light machine beginners in the early operation process, often find that the workpiece cutting section is not ideal, the finish is not good, resulting in the accuracy is not up to the standard or even the workpiece scrap and so on situation makes people very distressed. Mechanical failure caused by the main characteristics of the finish is not ideal: the section of the regular ripples. Such as: slot compensation, cutting speed, etc.        
          
  4、数控系统初始化结束时,选取程序,设置相关参数。所以在切割前对割炬垂直度的校正也长短常重要的。不使用割台或者割台焊接不牢固,附近假如有重型机械产生的震惊,会导致钢板的摆动或移位,在切割过程中就会造成切割面光洁度下降。数控切割机电机等部位采用自调节装置,大大避免了这些情况的产生,专业的技术锻造数控切割机的精品品质,有专业的机械自动化技术职员,足以保证机械的精密运转。 4. At the end of the initialization of the numerical control system, select the program and set relevant parameters. Therefore, it is very important to correct the verticality of cutting torch before cutting. Do not use cutting table or cutting table welding is not firm, if there is a heavy machinery near the shock, will lead to the swing or shift of the steel plate, in the process of cutting will cause a drop in the cutting surface finish. CNC cutting machine motor and other parts with self-adjusting device, greatly avoid the emergence of these conditions, professional technology forging CNC cutting machine quality, professional mechanical automation technical staff, enough to ensure the precision operation of machinery.        
          
  5、打开机器总电源,然后再打开计算机电源。 5, turn on the machine power, and then turn on the computer power.        
          
  6、按机器启动按钮,此时割炬开始下降,并对钢板进行预热。 6. Press the start button of the machine, then the cutting torch starts to fall, and preheat the steel plate.        
          
  7、当预热氧时间延时到设定时间,数控火焰切割机系统会自动打开切割氧,并开始穿孔切割。 7. When the preheating oxygen time is delayed to the set time, the CNC flame cutting machine system will automatically turn on the cutting oxygen and begin perforating and cutting.        
          
  8、钢板承重的割台要保持稳定牢固。 8. The steel plate bearing cutting table shall be stable and firm.        


  综上内容可以看出,想保证数控火焰切割机的光洁度,除了设备的正常无故障外,更多的还是要看操作人员的生产技术,这就需要大家在挑选质量高的数控火焰切割机的同时,也要对操作人员进行严格的技术培训才行。 To sum up, we can see that in order to ensure the finish of CNC flame cutting, in addition to the normal equipment without fault, more or to see the production technology of the operators, which requires you to select high-quality CNC flame cutting machine at the same time, but also to the operators for strict technical training. 

  

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